Read e-book online Late Paleoindian Occupation of the Southern Rocky Mountains: PDF

By Bonnie L. Pitblado

Overdue Paleoindian profession of the Southern Rocky Mountains explores how a few of North AmericaÂ’s earliest humans used the Rocky Mountain panorama 10,000 to 7,500 years in the past. Bonnie L. Pitblado is very excited about the level to which early humans integrated the southern Rocky Mountains into their payment platforms and the way past due Paleoindian humans moved around the southern Rocky Mountain panorama. in keeping with vast study evaluating greater than six hundred painstakingly documented past due Paleoindian projectile issues from Colorado and Utah, this booklet unearths profound nearby transformations alongside 3 axes of projectile aspect variability, which means both profound nearby alterations in overdue Paleoindian cost innovations. Pitblado highlights certain features of early human use of the southern Rocky Mountains, however the comparative nature of the learn additionally yields new inferences approximately past due Paleoindian use of the Colorado Plains, the Utah nice Basin, and the Colorado Plateau.

Synthetic and comparative in nature, "Late Paleoindian profession" of the Southern Rocky Mountains will entice a wide diversity of students and avocational archaeologists. for pro archaeologists, hunter-gather land-use modeling and interpretations of past due Paleoindian cost ideas throughout 4 significant environments of the yank West can be of specific curiosity.

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Additional info for Late Paleoindian Occupation of the Southern Rocky Mountains: Early Holocene Projectile Points and Land Use in the High Country

Example text

The project area in this case is the Rocky Mountains, Plains, Colorado Plateau, and Great Basin of Colorado and Utah. Late Paleoindian projectile points are assessed in terms of typology, raw material use, and technology—all of which can vary spatially. The issue is simply whether specimens from Rocky Mountain contexts stand out in any or all of these respects from chronologically equivalent specimens in the lowlands. If they do, and particularly if there is a convergence of evidence, this will suggest that like the makers of distinct San projectile points, Rocky Mountain Paleoindians were part of some coherent cultural entity.

If the results do not converge, the nature of the dissonance can be assessed to refine inferences about mobility. Referring again to the hypothetical example, affirming that projectile points meet the predicted criteria would support the idea that they were used within a logistically organized system. Determining that specimens are small, poorly made, and heavily reworked would suggest that they were components of some other land use system. Such a deviation from expectations would necessitate creation of explanatory hypotheses.

Since seasonal and sporadic occupations are expected to leave similar archaeological signatures, the two would be distinguished from one another on the basis of frequencies of occurrence. 4 and preceding sections have outlined, various combinations of late Paleoindian occupation may be represented in the Rockies, complicating the interpretive process. Nonetheless, each pattern of usage has been correlated with a unique suite of projectile point–related expectations, and it should be possible to differentiate patterns.

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