By Dawn L Rothe, David O. Friedrichs
This e-book addresses immensely consequential crimes on the earth this present day that, up to now, were virtually fully overlooked by way of scholars of crime and legal justice: crimes of globalization. This time period refers back to the highly destructive effects of the regulations and practices of overseas monetary associations – largely within the international South. A case is made for characterizing those guidelines and practices in particular as crime. even though there's now a considerable criminological literature on transnational crimes, crimes of states and state-corporate crimes, crimes of globalization intersect with, yet usually are not synonymous with, those crimes.
Identifying particular explanation why scholars of crime and legal justice must have an curiosity during this subject, this article additionally identifies underlying assumptions, defines keywords, and situates crimes of globalization in the criminological firm. The authors additionally outline crimes of globalization and evaluation the literature so far at the subject; evaluate the present different types of crimes of globalization; define an built-in concept of crimes of globalization; and determine the demanding situations of controlling the overseas monetary associations that perpetrate crimes of globalization, together with the function of an rising international Justice Movement.
The authors of this ebook have released generally on white collar crime, crimes of states, state-corporate crime and comparable issues. This publication could be crucial examining for teachers and scholars of crime and legal justice who, the authors argue, have to attend to rising different types of crime that come up particularly out of the stipulations of globalization in our more and more globalized, swiftly altering world.
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Extra info for Crimes of Globalization
Private, profit-oriented enterprises. But they are also not states or state-based entities. Rather, they are organizational entities with multiple and important ties to both corporations and states, but also both different from and relatively independent of them. In at least one interpretation, states in the recent era have increasingly transferred rule-making powers to international institutions, broadly defined (Zweifel 2006). The growth of such institutions has been one of the noteworthy developments of the past century.
Traditional communities began to disintegrate. Many of those affected by these developments organized protest villages and engaged in other actions calling for the Thai government and the World Bank to take responsibility for the devastation they caused by building the dam, which cost far more than expected and generated far less electricity than had been anticipated. The concept of crimes of globalization, as originally formulated, was limited to the demonstrably harmful activities of international financial institutions, with a special focus on one of these institutions, the World Bank.
Seventh, for the mainstream of criminology the key term “crime” has been defined in terms of violations of the criminal law within a particular local, state, or federal jurisdiction. But an alternative tradition in relation to the meaning of “crime” applies the term more broadly. Attention to “crimes of globalization,” as will be evident, is aligned with the calls for broader conceptions of the meaning of crime, and for criminological attention to harms not encompassed by the criminal law. The definition of crime issue is addressed further on in this chapter.