By Malcolm Byrne, Magdalena Klotzbach
A Cardboard citadel? is the 1st booklet to record, research, and interpret the heritage of the Warsaw Pact according to the documents of the alliance itself. As prompt through the identify, the Soviet bloc army computing device that held the West in awe for many of the chilly conflict doesn't look from the interior as bold as outsiders usually believed, nor have been its strengths and weaknesses an identical at diversified instances in its strangely lengthy background, extending for nearly part a century. The introductory examine via Mastny assesses the arguable origins of the "superfluous" alliance, its next look for a function, its difficulty and consolidation regardless of congenital weaknesses, in addition to its unforeseen loss of life. many of the 193 files integrated within the booklet have been best mystery and feature just recently been got from japanese ecu information through the Hypertext Preprocessor undertaking. the vast majority of the files have been translated particularly for this quantity and feature by no means seemed in English sooner than. The introductory feedback to person files by way of co-editor Byrne clarify the actual value of every merchandise. A chronology of the most occasions within the historical past of the Warsaw Pact, an inventory of its prime officers, a selective multilingual bibliography, and an analytical index upload to the significance of a booklet that units the recent common as a reference paintings at the topic and facilitate its use by means of either scholars and basic readers.
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Extra resources for Cardboard Castle?: An Inside History Of The Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991
The ministers oppose discussing mutual reductions of conventional forces at the conference. August 12: The Soviet–West German treaty and declaration of intentions, signed in Moscow, rules out the use or threat of force and proclaims the inviolability of existing borders while leaving open the possibility of their peaceful change. It also opens the way to agreements on normalization of relations between West Germany and Poland as well as between the two German states. August 20: At a PCC meeting in Moscow, Brezhnev defends the Soviet–West German treaty as a compromise favorable to the East, but Polish and Czechoslovak leaders fear an increased West German inﬂuence in their countries.
On July 2, it is published in the press. June 18–July 2: The “Šumava” exercise of Warsaw Pact armies is carried out on Czechoslovak territory to pressure the Czechoslovak leadership into rolling back its reform program. July 1: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is signed by 61 nations, including Romania. xxxi July 9–11: A Czechoslovak army conference in Bratislava urges elaboration of a national doctrine within the Warsaw Pact framework and “internationalization” of the alliance’s command.
March 19: The Bydgoszcz crisis occurs in Poland, marking another high-tension point in the Polish crisis. April 2: Brezhnev and Defense Minister Dmitrii Ustinov indicate at a Soviet Politburo meeting the decision to shelve plans for military intervention in Poland and to put pressure on Polish party leaders to crack down on the Solidarity opposition forces themselves. April 21–23: At a meeting of the Warsaw Pact’s Military Council in Soﬁa, Kulikov reports that Polish party leader Stanisław Kania and Prime Minister Jaruzelski had requested the establishment of a collective Warsaw Pact command center at Legnica.