By Michael W. Bruening (auth.), Michael W. Bruening (eds.)
Calvinism's First Battleground sheds new mild at the starting place of Calvinism and the Reformed religion via a close exam of the Reformation within the can pay de Vaud.
A in particular Calvinist identification and theology emerged out of 2 key conflicts within the zone: first, the struggle to show clear of Catholic practices and traditions a inhabitants that have been pressured to transform to Protestantism by way of the Bernese after their conquest of Vaud in 1536; moment, the fight opposed to the Zwinglian political and theological principles that ruled the Swiss Confederation and differed from the Calvinists' knowing of ecclesiastical self-discipline, the Eucharist, and predestination. The can pay de Vaud was once vital to this fight, for it was once topic politically to Zwinglian, German-speaking Bern, yet lots of its ministers have been extra strongly motivated by means of Calvin. Calvin himself was once at first serious about the customers for reform within the area, yet frustrations with the Swiss led him and the Genevans more and more to concentration their efforts on France.
This historical past is helping us to appreciate the wider contours of the Reformation in French-speaking Europe, as its middle of gravity shifted from Meaux to Vaud and Geneva, and again to France back at the eve of the Wars of Religion.
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Extra resources for Calvinism's First Battleground: Conflict and Reform in the Pays de Vaud, 1528-1559
On his relations with Savoy and the effect of the wars on Vaud, see Vulliemin, Histoire de la Conféderation Suisse, 1:245-69; Paquier, Le Pays de Vaud des origines à la conquête bernoise, 2:93-120. 2. Politics and Diplomacy in Vaud 27 the key links between the northern and southern halves of the kingdom he envisioned. His chief problem was that he was an aggressive expansionist squeezed between two other equally aggressive powers: to the west was King Louis XI of France who sought to extend his kingdom’s borders through Burgundy to the natural boundary of the Jura, and to the east, the Swiss, particularly the Bernese, aimed to push towards the same natural border from the other side.
The priests showed up; the bishops did not. Bern also extended invitations to the members of the Confederation and a number of cities in South Germany. Several Catholic cantons refused to attend, claiming that the Baden Disputation had already settled the matter. The evangelicals appear to have been quite confident of victory; Zurich even invited Eck, who had been instrumental in the Catholic victory at Baden, to come to Bern and fight another round, entirely at the city’s expense, but he refused.
Chavannes notes, “Les troubles religieux qui avaient eu lieu à Soleure le 30 octobre 1533, et qui nécessitèrent l’intervention des confédérés, furent bien près d’amener une nouvelle guerre de religion en Suisse. Les cinq petits cantons, Fribourg et Vallais avaient entre eux un pacte pour la défense de la religion catholique et avaient noué des négociations avec le pape et l’empereur. De leur côté, les cantons protestants, abattus par la guerre de Cappel, se rapprochaient; Berne s’était entendu avec Bâle.