By Ellen Armour, Susan St. Ville
In such works as Gender Trouble and Bodies That Matter Judith Butler broke new flooring in knowing the development and function of identities. whereas Butler's writings were an important and infrequently arguable within the improvement of feminist and queer conception, Bodily Citations is the 1st anthology founded on utilising her theories to faith. during this assortment students in anthropology, bible study, theology, ethics, and formality reviews use Butler's paintings to enquire various subject matters in biblical, Islamic, Buddhist, and Christian traditions. The authors shed new gentle on Butler's rules and spotlight their moral and political import. in addition they expand the scope of spiritual experiences as they carry it into dialog with feminist and queer theory.
Subjects mentioned contain the woman's mosque circulate in Cairo, the ordination of ladies within the Catholic Church, the potential for queer ethics, non secular ritual, and biblical buildings of sexuality.
Contributors contain: Karen Trimble Alliaume, Lewis college; Teresa Hornsby, Drury college; Amy Hollywood, Harvard Divinity institution; Christina Hutchins, Pacific tuition of faith; Saba Mahmood, college of California, Berkeley; Susanne Mrozik, Mount Holyoke collage; Claudia Schippert, college of valuable Florida; Rebecca Schneider, Brown college; Ken Stone, Chicago Theological Seminary
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Additional info for Bodily Citations: Religion and Judith Butler
46 Buddhists characterize the experience of identifying with an abject body image as one of extreme shock 47 (sam . vega). This is the moment when one ﬁnally realizes that all Buddhist teachings about the body’s inherent foulness, impermanence, and lack of enduring essence actually apply to oneself. It is an experiential realization of the truth of these teachings. ”48 Identiﬁcation with an abject body image—an identiﬁcation that is afﬁrmed and not disavowed—eradicates desire and thereby materializes a virtuous/liberated bodied being.
When Buddhists speak about the necessity of eradicating desire, they mean desire in its negative sense as craving or thirst for personal gratiﬁcation of various sorts. Buddhists deﬁne desire or craving very broadly, but ascetic discourse is especially concerned with eradicating sexual desire. 44 One way that Buddhist ascetics attempted to eradicate desire is by cultivating an abject body image. In this context abjection is not feared or shunned as it is in the context of a conventional discourse on bodies; to the contrary, abjection is valorized as a soteriological tool to produce virtuous/liberated bodied beings.
The process of taking up gendered/sexed subject positions has an analogous call and response structure, according to Butler. This performative process begins immediately as the baby is identiﬁed and so “named” as either a boy or a girl. The process is ongoing and reiterative. Time and again the developing subject is compelled to “cite” or take on as its own the behavior and identity suited to its designated sex. True to the pattern, with each citation the subjectivity of the person is afﬁrmed and the preeminence of the norms of heterosexuality is strengthened.