By Stephen Gundle
Within the postwar years, Italy underwent a far-reaching means of industrialization that reworked the rustic right into a top commercial energy. all through such a lot of this era, the Italian Communist get together (PCI) remained a robust strength in neighborhood executive and civil society. despite the fact that, as Stephen Gundle observes, the PCI used to be more and more confronted with demanding situations posed by means of modernization, rather by means of mass conversation, advertisement cultural industries, and consumerism. among Hollywood and Moscow is an research of the PCI’s makes an attempt to deal with those difficulties so that it will preserve its association and subculture.Gundle makes a speciality of the topic of cultural coverage, reading how the PCI’s political innovations integrated cultural rules and actions that have been meant to answer the Americanization of everyday life in Italy. In formulating this coverage, Gundle contends, the Italian Communists have been torn among loyalty to the choice values generated by means of the Communist culture and version to the dominant affects of Italian modernization. This equilibrium ultimately faltered as the appealing points of Americanization and pa tradition proved extra influential than the PCI’s highbrow and political traditions. the 1st research in English of the cultural rules and actions of the PCI, this publication will entice readers with an curiosity in sleek Italy, the ecu left, political technology, and media experiences.
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Additional resources for Between Hollywood and Moscow: The Italian Communists and the Challenge of Mass Culture, 1943-1991 (American Encounters Global Interactions)
These barbed comments produced a swift reaction from Croce, who was so outraged that he even raised the matter in the Council of Ministers, to which he, as a Liberal representative, belonged, as did the pci leader. Togliatti’s subsequent apology and withdrawal, although they did not signal the end of a process of belittlement that would continue in successive months and years, indicated that the pci had no intention of engaging in an all-out assault on Crocean Idealism. Indeed, it would soon become apparent that the Communists’ determined attempt to dent Croce’s reputation as a siren of freedom was linked to an aspiration to inherit his cultural mantle rather than demolish it.
In keeping with this mood, the radio broadcast much American or American-style music often played by Italian light orchestras such as the Lucio Milena sinfonia and the Pippo Barzizza orchestra, which translated the swing of the American big bands into an Italian idiom. In the big cities at least, it became quite common for young women to go out in the evening, albeit usually in approved male company. Although resources were scarce and for most people new clothes were but a dream, more daring fashions began to appear, with seamstresses adapting skirts and dresses in accordance with foreign novelties presented in magazines.
Ultimately, however, the key element in the construction of a conservative order from which the left was excluded was the Church. For the Catholic hierarchy, the outcome of the election presented an unprecedented opportunity to complete the battle it had waged since 1946 against the inﬂuence of alien ideologies of revolution and emancipation that had circulated during and after the Liberation period, threatening to undermine the given structures of morality and power. Thus after 1948 a constant struggle was waged against alleged forces of subversion in politics, culture, and society that culminated in July 1949 when the Holy Ofﬁce of the Vatican announced the formal excommunication of all Communist parties and supporters of such parties on account of their atheistic and materialist ideology.