By Deborah Cahalen Schneider
The Góral ethnic identification has been on the middle of political machinations in Poland for hundreds of years. The overdue Pope John Paul II, for instance, was once a Góral. this is often the 1st book-length learn of the Góral identification and one of many few stories in English to debate Górals. via own interviews, neighborhood manuscripts, and educational histories of the area, writer Deborah Cahalen Schneider indicates how vital the Góral id has been to Poland’s historical past. The clash over the Góral identification locally of Zywiec, Poland serves as a lens in which Schneider perspectives nationwide id matters and sophistication clash in Poland at huge. The Góral id not just gave this group a feeling of togetherness lower than the Habsburg Empire, but in addition was once a logo of Polish identification for Polish nationalists in the course of that point. Schneider indicates how the Góral id has spanned the increase and, arguably, the autumn of nationalism because the basic discourse of political id within the post—Cold battle, ecu Union—dominated japanese Europe.
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Additional info for Being Goral: Identity Politics And Globalization in Postsocialist Poland
The Communist Party planners also added distinctive features to the Zywiec community. Large apartment projects in the downtown area, built during the 1970s, allowed the inﬂux of several thousand villagers from the countryside surrounding Zywiec. This ﬂow toward the town was engineered to ensure that there would be enough workers to staff the expansion of industrial production in Zywiec. The town as it is currently constituted also includes a number of districts that were previously outlying villages and that were incorporated into Zywiec over the course of the socialist period.
Poland’s western border was extended two hundred kilometers to the west into formerly eastern Germany, to the border of the Oder River, and a great deal of the Baltic coast that had formerly been in German hands came to Poland as well. Most of the Jewish population in Poland, about 10 percent of the total population before the war, had been killed. About eight million Germans were expelled from new Polish territories in western Poland, and Poles expelled from the territories ceded to Belorussia and Ukraine were moved to these new western territories.
Polish state leaders were faced with broad ethnic diversity, political contention, and an economy in which almost 75 percent of the population were peasants or agricultural workers. Davies (1982) sums up the problems of integration of the three partitions: • • • • • The population, institutions, and traditions of the three Partitions had to be welded into one new entity. At ﬁrst, six • 39 A Political and Economic History of the Zywiec Region currencies were in circulation; ﬁve regions—Posnania, Silesia, Cieszyn, East Galicia, and Central Lithuania (Wilno)—maintained separate administration; there were four languages of command in the army; three legal codes; two different railway gauges; and eighteen registered political parties competed for power.