New PDF release: Arctic Marine Governance: Opportunities for Transatlantic

By Erik J. Molenaar, Timo Koivurova, Elizabeth Tedsen, Andrew Reid, Kamrul Hossain (auth.), Elizabeth Tedsen, Sandra Cavalieri, R. Andreas Kraemer (eds.)

The Arctic zone performs an enormous position in regulating the world’s weather and is additionally hugely impacted through weather switch, with typical temperatures emerging nearly two times as quick because the remainder of the area and sea ice melting a lot swifter than formerly anticipated. those fast alterations may have major affects on human task within the quarter and at the Arctic marine setting.

This booklet attracts at the result of the 2008-2009 Arctic rework venture, funded through the ecu Commission‘s Directorate normal of exterior relatives, which engaged specialists in a transatlantic dialogue at the roles of the ecu Union and usa in mild of the Arctic’s altering weather and political and felony complexities. . The e-book addresses the numerous alterations and advancements within the marine Arctic, with descriptions and proposals reflecting the present governance atmosphere. A complete assessment of environmental governance and sustainable improvement within the Arctic is created. Chapters discover affects and actions by way of quarter, taking a look at fisheries, delivery, and offshore hydrocarbon within the Arctic, and at coverage suggestions and techniques for making improvements to marine governance within the quarter. a specific concentration is given to the jobs of the ecu Union and usa and possibilities for cooperation to augment Arctic environmental governance.

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Extra info for Arctic Marine Governance: Opportunities for Transatlantic Cooperation

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Com/2012/04/11/new-proposal-would-see-hans-island-split-equally-between-canada-anddenmark/> Ilulissat Declaration (2008) Arctic Ocean Conference. Ilulissat, Greenland. M. 382 (2009) Koivurova T (2009) A note on the European Union’s integrated maritime policy. Ocean Dev Int Law 40:171–183 Koivurova T, VanderZwaag DL (2007) The Arctic Council at 10 Years: Retrospect and Prospects. Univ British Columbia Law Rev 40:121–194 Koivurova T, Kokko K, Duyck S, Sellheim N, Stepien A (2010) EU Competencies Affecting the Arctic: Directorate General for External Policies of the Union.

3). Finally, the conclusion (Sect. 4) stresses the most critical aspects presented. 2 The Arctic Environment The marine and terrestrial area covered by the term ‘Arctic’ has been defined in several different ways. The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) working group of the Arctic Council has conducted elaborate studies in the Arctic region and listed existing definitions of the Arctic using geographical, geophysical, and political definitions (AMAP 1998; see also Chap. 1, Sect. 2).

Increasing water temperatures shift inherent temperature gradients for certain species, allowing some to move their habitats further north,5 but forcing other species to migrate into colder regions or threaten them to become extinct. These shifts over time add urgency to existing problems in the Arctic marine environment, such as overfishing. 6 % of global fish catches (Rudloff 2012), Arctic fish stocks provide for a substantial part of the European Union (EU)’s supply: For instance, for Norwegian and Icelandic fisheries, the EU was by far the major export destination with 80 and 60 % of fish catches respectively (Rudloff 2012).

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