Ancient Astronomy: An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth by Clive L.N. Ruggles PDF

By Clive L.N. Ruggles

An authoritative creation to the interesting subject of archaeoastronomy―ancient peoples' realizing and use of the skies.

• Over two hundred A–Z entries protecting large definitions and ideas, case reports from 5 continents, issues and matters, gadgets within the sky because the concentration of fable, uncomplicated thoughts, and influential people

• bright illustrations together with the stone circles at Avebury, comets, novae, and meteors

• easy, jargon-free reasons of uncomplicated astronomical concepts

• Over forty photographs together with the Stonehenge Heelstone at sunrise; the Cosmic Axis on the Forbidden urban, Beijing; the Temple of the solar at Teotihuacan; Ahu Huri at Urenga, Easter Island; the Aboriginal stone configuration at Lake Bolac, Victoria, Australia; and more

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Additional resources for Ancient Astronomy: An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth

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However, the term archaeoastronomy has only been in existence since 1969 and soon thereafter came to take on a much broader meaning. Some popular authors such as Gerald Hawkins, whose book Stonehenge Decoded brought Stonehenge into the limelight in the mid-1960s, preferred the term astro-archaeology, and this for some became synonymous with alignment studies, causing a good deal of confusion that has still not entirely abated. Nonetheless, it was archaeoastronomy that emerged as a recognized academic “interdiscipline” a decade later, marked most significantly by the appearance of two academic journals: Archaeoastronomy: The Journal of the Center for Archaeoastronomy in the US and, in the UK, the Archaeoastronomy supplement to the Journal for the History of Astronomy.

Hoskin suggests the latter, arguing that in the spring and summer the needs of agriculture or animal herding would take precedence, but if work on dolmen construction commenced in the fall, it could reliably be completed during the ensuing winter. See also: Solstitial Directions. Prehistoric Tombs and Temples in Europe. Declination; Solstices. 18 Antas References and further reading Belmonte, Juan Antonio, and Michael Hoskin. Reflejo del Cosmos, 35–40. Madrid: Equipo Sirius, 2002. ] Chapman, Robert.

Introduction xxix A Aboriginal Astronomy When Captain James Cook first sailed up the east coast of New Holland (what is now Australia) in 1770, he encountered native people who had little interest in their strange visitors and none whatsoever in trading—people who surprised him by being generally unclothed, constructing little in the way of shelter around their camp fires, and even sleeping in the open. Yet their lifestyle, while short of so many of the conveniences viewed by Europeans as essential, also seemed free from many of the cares that accompanied them.

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