By Mircea Eliade
This quantity completes the immensely discovered three-volume A background of non secular rules. Eliade examines the stream of Jewish notion out of old Eurasia, the Christian transformation of the Mediterranean region and Europe, and the increase and diffusion of Islam from nearly the 6th during the 17th centuries. Eliade's substantial wisdom of prior and current scholarship offers a synthesis that's exceptional. as well as reviewing contemporary interpretations of the person traditions, he explores the interactions of the 3 religions and indicates their carrying on with mutual effect to be sophisticated yet unmistakable.
As in his past paintings, Eliade will pay specific awareness to heresies, people ideals, and cults of mystery knowledge, comparable to alchemy and sorcery, and maintains the dialogue, started in previous volumes, of pre-Christian shamanistic practices in northern Europe and the syncretistic culture of Tibetan Buddhism. those subcultures, he keeps, are as very important because the better-known orthodoxies to a whole realizing of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
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Extra resources for A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of Reforms
39 temporaries: above all when Alaric, Chief of the Goths (himself a Christian who followed the Arian heresy), captured and ravaged Rome in August of 410, massacring part of the population. From a military and political perspective, this event, despite its gravity, was not a catastrophe, since the capital was in Milan. But the news of it shattered the Empire from one end to the other. Reacting to it as a sign of things to come, the religious elite and the cultural and political centers of paganism interpreted this unprecedented disaster by abandoning the traditional Roman religion and adopting Christianity.
The seance becomes animated and sometimes grotesque. In other cases, after many an adventure, the shaman arrives in the land of the dead and finds, among the crowd of the spirits, the close relatives of the soul which he brings to entrust to them. Once he returns, he brings each of his assistants greetings from their own dead relatives and even distributes small gifts on their behalf. 35 But the principal function of the shaman is healing. " The shaman seeks it out, captures it, and sees to its reintegration with the sick person's body.
The religion of the Baits 25 of pastoralists and above all in the folklore of farmers, as much in the rest of Europe as in western Asia. This fact has considerable consequences. It confirms the survival of archaic conceptions in certain rural European societies at least up to the beginning of the twentieth century. 249. The religion of the Baits Of the three Baltic peoples-the Lithuanians, the Letts, and the Old Prussians (or Pruthenes)-the last were decimated in a long war of conversion and conquest by the Teutonic knights, and ended up being absorbed into the mass of German settlers.