By Edward Erwin
More than a century has handed given that Sigmund Freud started his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there isn't any consensus approximately his legacy; as an alternative there's power confrontation not just approximately Freud's attractiveness and position in historical past yet concerning the right criteria to take advantage of in comparing his thought and therapy.
This ebook develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and offers a complete review of, and probably ultimate, verdict on Freud's idea and treatment. not like the other overview released so far, it includes a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental facts and the right kind criteria for reading the evidence.
Part I considers the view that Freud's thought will be judged through unique evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common-sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues in contrast view and for the employment of criteria acceptable to causal hypotheses of either the typical and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different matters approximately criteria akin to the necessity for experimental facts, using placebo controls, the correct objectives of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in interpreting end result data.
The criteria constructed partly I of the booklet are utilized in half II in comparing the easiest on hand Freudian evidence.
A Bradford Book
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Extra resources for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology
9). As further examples, Hopkins claims that the satisfaction condition of the hope that snow is white is that snow is white, and of the desire that snow be white is that snow is white (or be white). Finally, Hopkins claims that a logical or conceptual connection lies between a motive and its satisfaction condition: “The condition of satisfaction, realization, or whatever, of a given motive stands in a relation to that motive that is logical or conceptual. It is a norm or rule, given in language, that having a drink of water satisªes a desire to have a drink of water, or that a belief that grass is green is true if grass is green” (124, n.
Finally, consider a case where a student writes a term paper by copying from an old encyclopedia article. Here we have an extremely high degree of meaning afªnity—the two texts are exactly the same—and yet our background evidence about, for example, the very low probability of two papers written by different people being identical if there is no copying supports the charge of plagiarism. These and other cases (Grünbaum, 1990) support the following contentions. First, thematic afªnity by itself is not generally evidence of a causal connection.
I might well want to embarrass him, but without evidence that the act was deliberate, it would be rash to infer that this reason, because it would make sense of the act, was in fact the reason I acted. A second empirical presupposition is that the cited reason, the desire to become warmer, typically does make a difference in the sort of circumstances under discussion. As Grünbaum puts it in his (1994) reply to Nagel, we need evidence that in a reference class, C, the incidence of Y’s (say, putting on one’s coat) in the class of X’s (say, desiring to be warm) is different from its incidence in the class of non-X’s.