A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology by Gwendolyn Leick PDF

By Gwendolyn Leick

The Dictionary of historical close to jap Mythology covers assets from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It comprises entries on gods and goddesses, giving proof in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented by means of the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of foundation of major texts and a short heritage in their transmission throughout the a while; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or varieties of mythological figures.

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However, the power ascribed to demons and spirits seems to fluctuate; while they are sometimes described as being beyond the influence of the gods, the second millennium Babylonian prayers rely on the gods to subdue them. Such speculation was surely restricted to professional theologians; for the majority of the population (even at the present day) it must have been safer to ward off the evil influence of demons by special apotropaic amulets and other preventive measures. The concept of the friendly, protective spirit (cf.

Gap] In column V, Baal receives further instructions on how to escape from the underworld. He is to take Tallay and Pidray, and go towards the two mountains of the tunnel in the west, where the sun descends into the underworld. On his way he sees a heifer in the steppe and copulates with her ‘seventy-seven times, eighty-eight times’. This results in the birth of his ‘twin-brother’, an ox. [gap] Two messengers arrive before El and report that they have found the corpse of Baal. ) The death of Baal is announced in heaven.

Kramer 1945; Lambert, Tournay 1949, 105–36; Rosengarten 1971; Alster 1978, 15–27; Attinger 1985, 1–52 Enki and Ninmah—Sumerian myth The text is not fully preserved; it is reconstructed on the base of some Ur III tablets and a Neo-Assyrian bilingual copy. It seems to begin with a prologue in illo tempore. The Anunnaki have been born, and the process of engendering the other generations of gods has been set in motion by marriages between gods and goddesses. Every deity has an assigned task to keep the land well-tended and irrigated; some are basket-carriers and the ‘great gods’ are the supervisors.

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